INTERIM REPORT OF THE INVESTIGATION INTO CERTAIN MATTERS IN THE ANC WESTERN CAPE PROVINCE
[Version 1.0: 16/12/2006: 20h00]
1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OF THE INVESTIGATION
1.1 On 26 January 2006 the Office of the Secretary General requested Cdes. Andries Nel and Loraine Mashiane to certain matters in the ANC Western Cape Province, in particular:
1.1.1. To determine the status of Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists and Communicators (IMSC) in relation to the Western Cape Provincial government in particular the Premier's Office;
1.1.2. Determine the authority of IMSC s appointment and the conditions thereof and the unusual payment arrangement, assuming that they were appointed on the 31/03/2005, resulting in the anomaly where such payment for work allegedly done was requested before the actual appointment date.
1.1.3. Determine how appointments of the nature are made and whether this appointment complied with the proper procedure.
1.1.4. Determine whether the fees paid were commensurate with the services rendered and also whether any government financial procedures were breached. Further to determine the total amounts paid to IMSC.
1.1.5. Determine whether anybody involved in this appointment and the payments relating thereto are members of the ANC or were appointed to their respective positions by the ANC though not members.
1.1.6. To report to the ANC the findings of the investigation and to recommend what action, if any, should be taken.
2. In view of the sensitivity of the matter and the prevailing political conditions in the Western Cape in the run up to local government elections, it was agreed With the SGO that the team should not with its investigation until after the local government elections on 1 March 2006. The team effectively commenced its work on 16 March 2006.
3. The team had hoped to complete its investigation and to report to the SGO by mid-April 2006. A number of factors have contributed to the delay in finalizing the investigation.
4. The team has conducted extensive interviews with: Benny Gool (Oryx Media); Roger Friedman (Oryx Media); Wewe Simelela (Oryx Media); Seth Maqetuka (former employee of the department of local government and housing, now employed by the City of Cape Town); Base Basson (Department of Community Safety); Nazeem Jamie (former employee in the Premier's Office); James Ngculu (ANC Provincial Chairperson); Randal van der Heever (Deputy Chairperson, ANC Western Cape Province); Mcebisi Skwatsha (Secretary, ANC Western Cape Province); Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary, ANC Western Cape Province); Lynn Brown (Treasurer, ANC Western Cape Province)
5. Many of the interviews were conducted in an atmosphere of fear and many of those interviewed were very anxious and concerned regarding the possible impact their co-operation with the team might have on their future prospects in the province. Many of those interviewed were also anxious not to be seen to be part of any faction, real or perceived, in the province, but stressed that they were co-operating because they are loyal and disciplined members of the ANC.
6. The team experienced significant difficulties and delays when Oryx Media, principal witnesses in the matter, indicated on 19 April 2006 that, "it would not be in our interest to interact with your investigation in the absence of assurances that our business and ourselves can be adequately protected." It was only late in May 2006 that Oryx indicated that they would be willing to co-operate with the investigation.
7. During the course of its investigation the team has amassed, and analysed, a large volume of documentation relating to various aspects of this matter. These documents are catalogued, chronologically, in Annexure A.
8. A further difficulty has been the fact that many of the questions that constitute the terms of reference of the investigation can only be answered with access to government documents.
9. In consultation with the SGO, this initial phase of the investigation has focused almost entirely on ascertaining the nature of the allegations. No interviews have been conducted with those against whom the allegations have been made. The team regards it as essential that this be done before concluding its work.
10. The investigating team has treated the investigation with the strictest discretion and confidentiality, and has tried to conduct its work with caution so as not to exacerbate any tensions that might exist in the province.
2. OVERVIEW OF ALLEGATIONS MADE / POLITICAL CONTEXT IN WESTERN CAPE
2.1. The team was asked to investigate the five specific areas mentioned in the terms of reference, to make findings and recommendations.
2.2. However, the team found it difficult to investigate the abovementioned areas outside of the context of the general allegations made and the overall political context in the Western Cape. Many of the interviews conducted and the documents received also focused more on the general political context in the Western Cape than on the specific areas covered by the terms of reference.
2.3. Below we try to summarise the allegations made by various comrades in the ANC Western Cape Province. The essence of these allegations is that the Office of the Premier of the Western Cape engaged a number of journalists, Joseph Aranes and Ashley Smith in particular, to write negative stories about other comrades in the province, and remunerated these journalists, directly or indirectly, using state resources.
2.4. More specifically it is alleged that Aranes and Smith received remuneration for their services, either by being given work directly by various provincial government departments, such as the Department of Community Safety in the case of Smith, or, indirectly, through work given to Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists and Communicators by departments such as the provincial Department of Local Government and Housing. It is also alleged that an attempt was made to channel funding to Aranes and Smith via Inkwenkwezi using another company, Oryx Media.
2.5. We try to set out these allegations as follows:
2.5.1. During 2004 rumors started circulating that Ashley Smith and Joey Aranes, both former journalists with the Cape Argus were involved in consulting work for the provincial government.
2.5.2. On 24 January 2006 the text of a pamphlet for the 2004/5 Safer Festive Season Campaign by the Department of Community Safety was exchanged by electronic mail between Ashley Smith and Alida Vorster, an employee of the Department of Community Safety.
2.5.3. Inkwekwezi Media Strategists and Communicators (Pty) Ltd was registered as a company on 2 February 2006. Inkwenkwezi's directors were/are: Mogamat Zain Orrie, Joy van der Heyde, Dominique Celeste McLachlan (resigned). Joy van der Heyde is married to Ashley Smith, one of the journalists alleged to be doing consulting work for provincial government.
2.5.4. Benny Gool and Roger Friedman of Oryx Media state that they were walking in St Georges Mall during February 2005 and observed Joseph Aranes, Ashley Smith and a number of other people sitting at the House of Coffees. According to Gool and Friedman, Aranes said to them, "Oh, so you will be paying us at the end of the month." Aranes showed Friedman an SMS which he purported was from the Premier. The message was to the effect that: "Your payment will be sorted by Oryx". Aranes informed Gool and Friedman that he had organized a number of journalists in various publications to work for them.
2.5.5. Five days after the meeting with Aranes at House of Coffees in St. George's Mall, Friedman and Gool were called to a so-called "strategic meeting" at Leeuwenhof, the Premier's Residence. Present at the meeting were: Ebrahim Rasool, Clayton Wakeford, advisors, members of his department, the authors of the Home for All Campaign, a journalist from Die Burger and Joseph Aranes. The discussion was about the way forward. Friedman and Gool did not understand the purpose of the meeting and left after lunch time.
2.5.6. On 24 March 2005 an invoice (dated 22 March 2006) for Rl00 000.00 in respect of consultancy services rendered by Inkwekwezi Media Strategists and Communicators to the Office of the Premier from 1 March to 21 March 2005 was sent to Oryx Media for attention of Roger Friedman. The invoice was sent from the Department of the Premier to Oryx Media by Ramona Jacobs. In the covering note to the invoice Jacobs suggests that the service delivery requirement be referred to as "Specialised Media Services/Consultancy."
2.5.7. On 29 March 2005 Jacobs emailed Roger Friedman confirming that the documents regarding Inkwenkwezi had been faxed to Oryx Media. On the invoice the directors of Inkwenkwezi are listed as being Joy van der Heyde and Tshepiso Sello.
2.5.8. Shortly after 29 March 2005, Alan Roberts, Special Advisor to the Premier, met with Gool and Friedman at the offices of Oryx Media. Roberts raised the issue of payment for, "Ashley, Joe and them." He promised Gool and Friedman that they would be part of the inner circle and that they would receive many tenders.
2.5.9. According to Gool and Friedman, Roberts indicated to them that Rasool was likely to be a one term Premier and that it was necessary to capitalize on his incumbency because he would not be coming back and that his Home for All Campaign needed support. According to Gool and Friedman, Roberts indicated that the bogeymen were the "Africanists". According to them the whole discussion centered on the need for coloured people to keep African's out. According to them Roberts seemed to be proceeding on the basis that they shared these views and that Oryx had agreed.
2.5.10. According to Gool and Friedman, Roberts returned after a day or two to follow up on their previous discussion. According to Gool and Friedman they told him in no uncertain terms that they were not interested and requested him to leave their offices. According to them Roberts was quite disturbed that Oryx knew about the arrangement before he came to see them. When they told him that Aranes had showed them the SMS he is alleged to have said, "They are loose man." Gool and Friedman never saw Roberts again and have had not further contact with him or the Premier's office.
2.5.11. According to Gool and Friedman, their analysis of the media at the time led them to believe that a number of journalists were writing with the intention of advancing a certain agenda.
2.5.12. On 31 March 2005 Inkwenkwezi received a letter appointing them, from 1 April to 31 August 2005, at a maximum fee of R200 000.00, as consultants to assist the provincial Department of Local Government and Housing to, "initiate a high-level strategy media and communication campaign."
2.5.13. Inkwenkwezi submitted invoices and were paid by the provincial Department of Local Government and Housing as follows: 19 April 2005 (R100 000.00); 18 May 2005 (R40 000.00); 25 July (R40 000.00) and 1 August 2005 (R40 000.00);
2.5.14. The Provincial Executive Committee of the ANC Western Cape Province discussed the very hostile coverage that the ANC was receiving in the Cape Argus and resolved that a delegation be sent to meet with the then Ivan Flynn (Editor), Joseph Aranes (Political Editor), David Chambers (Production Editor), Joe Thoele and another person.
2.5.15. The PEC raised a number of issues, including allegations that journalists on the Cape Argus were also doing work for the provincial government. Flynn, the editor, undertook to investigate the matter.
2.5.16. Independent Newspapers conducted an internal investigation into the matter that was led by Vuyo Bavuma (Political Editor of the Star). On or about 24 October 2005 Clayton Wakeford, Acting Provincial Head of Communications in the Office of the Premier, emailed Bavuma with a list all communications service providers for the period in question and indicated that, "We have never procured or made use of the services of Inkwenkwezi Communications Pty Ltd.
2.5.17. November 2005 Oryx received calls from the media enquiring about allegations that Oryx had laundered money for the Office of the Premier.
2.5.18. On 1 December 2005, Robin Carlisle (Democratic Alliance) released a media statement in which he alleged that Oryx Media had laundered money for the Office of the Premier. He was forced to retract the statement and apologise to Oryx after it threatened, through Qunta Incorporated, to take legal action against him.
2.5.19. In December 2005 Independent Newspapers appointed the law firm Lionel Murray, Schwormstedt and Louw to conduct an investigation into the activities of Joseph Aranes and Ashley Smith. The investigation was conducted by Jacques Louw.
2.5.20. In February 2006, Ivan Flynn, the editor of the Cape Argus, announced that he was resigning before the expiry of his contract.
2.5.21. The investigation led to formal disciplinary action against Aranes and Smith in March 2006. As a result of this action Smith resigned before the disciplinary hearing against him could be concluded. Aranes was reinstated but given a final warning.
2.6 The political context within which the above allegations have been made are set out in detail in the documents obtained by the investigating team, in particular the outline presented by Cdes. Ngculu, vd Heever, Skwatsha, Ozinsky and Brown. In its final report the investigating team will, to the extent that it is necessary, deal in greater detail with this context. The investigating team is also well aware that the SGO is very familiar with this context.
The team must, however, convey the deep frustration voiced by many of those it interview with the current political situation in the ANC Western Cape Province. Many found attempts by some polarize organization along racial lines deeply disturbing. They would echo the sentiments expressed by President Mbeki after attending a meeting of the PEC in August 2006: "The greatest challenge that we face in the country with regard to... development of a non-racial society, is here in the Western Cape. What is being done here, and will be done here... is bigger than of provincial importance."
3. PROVISIONAL FINDINGS REGARDING MATTERS CONTAINED TERMS OF REFERENCE
3.1. TO DETERMINE THE STATUS OF INKWENKWEZI MEDIA STRATEGISTS AND COMMUNICATORS (IMSC) IN RELATION TO THE WESTERN CAPE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT IN PARTICULAR THE PREMIER'S OFFICE
According to interviews conducted by the investigating team there was no formal contract between Premier's Office and Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists and Communicators. According to the documentation provide to Vuyo Bavuma, Inkwenkwezi is not listed as a service provider. This makes it all the more intriguing why Inkwenkwezi would issue an invoice addressed to the Office of the Premier.
This area is still work in progress and we will only be able to answer it conclusively once we have conducted the interviews mentioned in the recommendations below.
3.2 DETERMINE THE AUTHORITY OF IMSC'S APPOINTMENT AND THE CONDITIONS THEREOF AND THE UNUSUAL PAYMENT ARRANGEMENT, ASSUMING THAT THEY WERE APPOINTED ON THE 31/03/2005, RESULTING IN THE ANOMALY WHERE SUCH PAYMENT FOR WORK ALLEGEDLY DONE WAS REQUESTED BEFORE THE ACTUAL APPOINTMENT DATE.
The team has been able to ascertain that Inwekwezi Communications (Pty) Ltd (registration number 2005/003299/07) was registered as a company on 2 February 2005. The directors of the company were Mogamat Zain Orrie, Joy van der Heyde, Dominique Celeste McLachlan (resigned). Joy van der Heyde is married to Ashley Smith, a former journalist at the
The team has further been able to ascertain that on 31 March 2005 Dr. Laurine Platzky, Acting Head of Department: Housing, wrote a letter appointing Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists to assist the provincial Department of Local Government and Housing to, "initiate a high-level strategy media and communication campaign." Inkwenkwezi was appointed at a maximum fee, including consumables and VAT, of R200 000.00.
The team has also ascertained that, on 24 March 2005 an invoice (dated 22 March 2006) for R100 000.00 in respect of consultancy services rendered by Inkwekwezi Media Strategists and Communicators to the Office of the Premier from 1 March to 21 March 2005 was sent to Oryx Media for attention of Roger Friedman. The invoice was sent from the Department of the Premier to Oryx Media by Ramoha Jacobs. In the covering note to the invoice Jacobs suggests that the service delivery requirement be referred to as "Specialised Media Services/Consultancy." On 29 March 2005 Jacobs emailed Roger Friedman confirming that the documents regarding Inkwenkwezi had been faxed to Oryx Media. On the invoice the directors of Inkwenkwezi are listed as being Joy van der Heyde and Tshepiso Sello.
This are is also still work in progress and we will only be able to answer this question conclusively once we have had access to the necessary government department information.
3.3. DETERMINE HOW APPOINTMENTS OF THE NATURE ARE MADE AND WHETHER THIS APPOINTMENT COMPLIED WITH THE PROPER PROCEDURE.
The team was able to ascertain that the procurement in the Western Cape Province is dealt with in terms of supply chain management policy. According to this policy three quotes are required for expenditure below R5000. For expenditure between R5000 and R50-000.00 Tradeworld / source link software is used. Specifications for goods and services are developed and entered. Prospective services providers are then called upon to provide quotes. After 48 hours an indication of a preferred bidder is given. It is accepted that the lowest quote is not always the best For expenditure above R50-000.00 a formal bid / tender process is supposed to be followed, in terms of which advertisements are placed for one month.
Some events do not allow enough time for formal tender processes. Deviations from policy are provided for. In such cases a departmental bid committee can engage in a limited tender process in terms of which a proposal is formulated, the market tested and a motivation is given for why the normal tender process cannot be followed. In the case of the Premier's Office the limited tender process was the norm and was identified by the Departmental Bid Committee as a risk factor. According those interviewed by the team Inkwenkezi was never selected nor was any money disbursed to them by the Office of the Premier. Those interviewed indicated that only they could sign off on the Premier's budget and the DG's budget.
The Departmental Bid Committee (DBC). A submission to the DBC needs to set out the following: (1) the purpose of the expenditure, (2) the need for and background to the expenditure, (3) motivation for the expenditure, (4) motivation for using a particular service provider, (5) an indication that a fair and equitable process was followed, (6) an indication that the market was sufficiently tested, and (7) that the expenditure represented value for money.
A submission the DBC would need to be signed by: (1) the drafter of the submission, (2) head of office (for recommendation), (3) Chief Operation Officer (for noting), (4) Director-General (for approval), (5) Chief Financial Officer (for confirmation of compliance with Treasury regulation and PFMA) and (occasionally), (6) the Premier (for noting).
The DBC in the Premier's Office consisted of 9 - 10 persons. It was chaired by legal services and included nominees from various directorates as well as three persons from the Chief Financial Officer. All members of the DBC were public servants. No so-called Chapter 8 staff were members of the DBC.
Decisions of the DBC would be made by consensus. If no consensus were reached the submission would be referred back. Submissions were evaluated on the basis of compliance with Treasury Regulations and the PFMA. Despite the discomfort
expressed by members of the DBC regarding the high number of limited bids there was no indication of pressure being exerted on the DBC to make any decisions.
The authorization and payment procedure worked as follows. Firstly, an administration officer would complete the basic documentation. Secondly, a senior administration officer would check whether all the necessary information had been provided. Thirdly, an Assistant Director: Procurement (in this case Ramona Jacobs) would either support a recommendation or refer it back. Fourthly, the relevant Programme Manager (in this case Nazeem Jamie) would approve payment Finally, the Chief Financial Officer (in this case Hylton Arendse) would authorize payment and do quality control and financial monitoring.
The short time limits between the registration of Inkwenkwezi and the awarding of contracts does raise questions of compliance when viewed against the above framework. This is, however, another area that the team will only able to conclude on once its has conducted some of the interviews mentioned in the recommendations
3.4 DETERMINE WHETHER THE FEES PAH) WERE COMMENSURATE WITH THE SERVICES RENDERED AND ALSO WHETHER ANY GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL PROCEDURES WERE BREACHED.
FURTHER TO DETERMINE THE TOTAL AMOUNTS PAID TO IMSC.
This question can only be determined with access to further documents from the departments concerned. See recommendations.
3.5 DETERMINE WHETHER ANYBODY INVOLVED IN THIS APPOINTMENT AND THE PAYMENTS RELATING THERETO ARE MEMBERS OF THE ANC OR WERE APPOINTED TO THEIR RESPECTIVE POSITIONS BY THE ANC THOUGH NOT MEMBERS.
This is another area that is work in progress. See recommendations.
4. INTERIM RECOMMENDATIONS
The team requests that it be given until 14 January 2007 in order for it to complete its investigation in the following areas:
1. Complete outstanding interviews regarding allegations. In particular the team needs to conduct interviews with the following persons: Ramona Jacobs, Vuyo Bavuma and Jacques Louw.
2. Interview Cde. Ebrahim Rasool and members of his office, in particular, Alan Roberts, Clayton Wakeford.
3. Interview Cde. Laurine Platzky of the Provincial Housing Department.
INDEX OF DOCUMENTATION OBTAINED AND ANALYSED
Undated: Assessment on Elections 2004: the so-called "intelligence document" that postulates, amongst others, the existence of three groupings within the ANC Western Cape Province.
Clippings Press clippings from 3 October 2004 - 23 June 2005 illustrating the coverage of ANC members and activities during this period.
24/01/2005: Email from Ashley Smith to Alicia Vorster: text of pamphlet for 2004/5 Safer Festive Season Campaign by Department of Community Safety.
22/03/2005: Invoice from Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists and Communicators to Department of the Premier: Payment in respect of services rendered for the period 1 March to 31 March 2005: Rl 00-000.00.
24/03/2005: Letter from Ramona Jacobs (Department of the Premier) to Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): Attaching invoice from Inkwenkwezi Media dated 22/03/2005 and suggesting that service be referred to as "specialized media services/consultancy."
29/03/2005: Email from Ramona Jacobs (Department of the Premier) to Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): Confirming that Inkwenkwezi invoice had been faxed on 24/03/2005.
08/03/2005: Email from Alida Vorster to Ashley Smith: text of pamphlet for 2004/5 Safer Festive Season Campaign by Department of Community Safety.
31/03/2005: Letter from Dr. Laurine Platzky (Acting Head of Department-Housing) to Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists and Communicators: appointment of Inkwenkwezi from 1 April to 21 August 2005.
19/04/2005: Invoice: Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists / provincial Department of Housing: Services rendered until end of April: Rl00-000.00
24/04/2005: Hand written note by Seth Maqetuka (Chief Director: Housing) Phillip Bredenkamp
29/04/2005: Hand written note attached by Francois de Wet to Inkwenkwezi
invoice of 19/04/2005: setting out required documentation to process payment and pointing out that Rl 00-000.00 is being claimed on a R200-000.00 contract in the first month.
16/05/2005: Email from Joy vd Heyde to Z. Ebrabim / for attention: Xolani Tyalana: Explanation of work done in respect of invoice dated 19/04/2005.
18/05/2005: Invoice: Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists / provincial Department of Housing: Services rendered until end of May: R40-000.00.
23/05/2005: Letter from Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province) to EH Linington (The Press Ombudsman): Complaint about racist article in Cape Argus, 3 May 2005.
23/05/2005: Letter from Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province) to EH Linington (The Press Ombudsman): Complaint about racist and inaccurate articles in Cape Argus.
23/05/2005: Letter from Ivan Flynn (Editor: Cape Argus) to Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province):
26/05/2005: Letter from Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province) to Ivan Flynn (Editor: Cape Argus):
07/06/2005: Fax from EH Linington (Press Ombudsman) to Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province): request for waiver of right to claim civil relief.
07/06/2005: Fax from Max Ozinsky (Deputy Secretary: ANC Western Cape Province) to EH Linington (Press Ombudsman): waiver of right to claim civil relief.
01/08/2005: Invoice: Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists / provincial Department of Housing: Services rendered until end of June: R40-000.00.
01/08/2005: Invoice: Inkwenkwezi Media Strategists / provincial Department of Housing: Services rendered until end of July: R40-000.00.
24/10/2005: Email from Moegsien Williams (The Star) to Benny Gool (Oryx
Media): Email correspondence between Vuyo Bavuma (News Editor: The Star) and Clayton Wakeford (Acting Head of Communications: Office of the Premier): List of communication services utilized by Office of the Premier and a denial that Inkwenkwezi were ever used.
07/11/2005: Email from Zabalaza Mzabalazo fkomanisi(@,hotmail.com) to a
number of media organizations alerting them to the fact mat there will be a press conference critical of the ANC provincial leadership. Contact person Ntombekaya Skondo.
24/11/2005: Report on search of the CIPRO database showing the date of Inkwenkwezi's registration and the identity of its directors.
01/12/2005: Media Statement by Robin Carlisle (Democratic Alliance): "Province, Argus and Skwatsha must come clean on bribery allegations."
01/12/2005: Letter from Brendan O'Dowd (Qunta Incorporated) to Robin Carlisle (Democratic Alliance): warning that allegation that A. Smith and J. Aranes were through Oryx was untrue and defamatory.
02/12/2005: Media Statement by Robin Carlisle (Democratic Alliance) wmdrawing allegations and apologizing to Oryx.
02/12/2005: Email from Roger Friedman (Oryx Media) to Clayton Wakeford
(Acting Provincial Head of Communications: Office of the Premier): Request for a meeting by Oryx to discuss: Krismisbox media, allegations that Oryx laundered money on behalf of Premier's office, payments, etc.
02/12/2005: Email from Clayton Wakeford (Acting Provincial Head of
Communications: Office of the Premier) to Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): Response to request for a meeting by Oryx.
07/12/2005: Letter from Jacques Louw (Lionel Murray Schwormstedt & Louw) to Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): request information for disciplinary investigation into J. Aranes and A. Smith by Independent Newspapers.
25/01/2006: Email from Shado Twala (Spokesperson: Office of the Premier) to Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): email thanking Oryx for work done.
26/01/2006: Letter from Cde. Sankie Mthembi-Mahanyele, Deputy Secretary
General to Cde. Andries Nel, Deputy Chief Whip, setting out the terms of reference of the investigation.
00/03/2006: Outline to the Nel Commission: Document handed to the team after a number of interviews with cdes. J. Ngculu, R. vd Heever, M. Skwatsha, M. Ozinsky and L. Brown.
31/03/2006: Email from Alan Roberts (Special Advisor: Office of the Premier) to Benny Gool and Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): Apology for rejecting your gesture for a handshake.
05/04/2006: Email from Alan Roberts (Special Advisor: Office of the Premier) to Benny Gool and Roger Friedman (Oryx Media): Apology for rejecting your gesture for a handshake.
06/04/2006: Email from Roger Friedman (Oryx Media) to Alan Roberts (Special Advisor: Office of the Premier):
19/04/2006: Email from Benny Gool (Oryx Media) to Andries Nel (investigating team): Oryx indicates that "it would not be in our interest to interact with your investigation in the absence of assurances that our business and ourselves can be adequately protected.
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