Through cadre deployment, state capture continues unabated under Ramaphosa
by Dr Leon Schreiber MP – DA Shadow Minister for Public Service and Administration
At a press conference this morning, the Democratic Alliance (DA) revealed the results of an analysis of the ANC’s cadre deployment meeting minutes which confirms that state capture continues unabated, through cadre deployment, in the administration of Cyril Ramaphosa.
After compiling this evidence, the DA will use it as the basis for a formal complaint to the Public Service Commission (PSC). Our complaint will request that the PSC, as the constitutional custodian of the public service, investigate each and every one of the appointments contained in the ANC’s cadre deployment committee minutes. In cases where the PSC confirms illegality, the DA will insist that those appointment processes are rerun and that, this time, skilled applicants are not excluded simply because they are not cadre of the corrupt ANC.
This analysis will also form the basis for a request by the DA’s deputy chief whip, Siviwe Gwarube, to the Speaker of the National Assembly, Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula, for an urgent debate of national importance on the devastating effects of cadre deployment on the public service and the fight against corruption.
But approaching the PSC and initiating a debate of national importance in Parliament is only the first step in what will be a concerted and sustained campaign by the DA over the coming months to use the historic window of opportunity created by our publication of these minutes and the State Capture Commission to abolish cadre deployment once and for all.
Key findings of the analysis that the DA will submit to the PSC include that:
1. Far from disbanding or stopping its interference in appointment processes following the resignation of Jacob Zuma in 2018, the deployment committee remains highly active under Ramaphosa, and usually meets about once per month to interfere with public sector appointments.
Scheduling cadre deployment meetings:
2. The deployment committee does not only make recommendations. There are numerous instances where the committee explicitly amends proposals. In other cases, the committee explicitly reserves certain appointments for itself. The committee’s approval is also requested on numerous occasions, and the committee repeatedly scolds ministers who do not follow the “correct procedure.” In fact, in most cases, it is ministers who make recommendations, and the ANC cadre deployment committee that decides on appointments.
During the Ramaphosa presidency from May 2018 to May 2021, the committee intervened in appointment processes at 88 different state institutions, including courts, chapter 9 institutions, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and government departments. During this three-year period, the committee summoned 29 ministers and deputy ministers as well as Ramaphosa himself to direct the appointment of ANC cadres to key positions.
Examples of instructions from the deployment committee:
3. The deployment committee’s influence is not only wide across all entities of state, but it also penetrates deep down into the state. Aside from influencing the appointment of high-profile positions like judges and the boards of SOEs, the committee is even involved in appointing lower-level officials like Deputy Directors-General. Everything from Constitutional Court judges to mid-level bureaucrats is tainted by ANC cadre deployment.
Interference in Constitutional Court appointments:
Interference in mid-level appointment:
4. The deployment committee uses two primary mechanisms to deploy ANC loyalists into positions of power. The first is when the committee puts forward specific names for appointment. The second mechanisms is a form of job reservation whereby the committee divides powers of appointment between itself and the relevant appointing authority, usually the minister.
Specific names put forward for appointment:
Division of appointments between the party and minister:
5. Public servants – who are supposed to be non-political servants of the people – also account to the ANC’s deployment committee. The committee further also exercises the power to decide when positions should be filled based on political considerations like upcoming elections, and officials provide the committee with state information. Directors-General are accountable to the ANC’s cadre deployment committee:
Deployment committee instructs that no DG’s should be employed due to an upcoming election:
6. Loyalty to the ANC is a key criterion for appointment. The minutes contain numerous references to support, membership and association with the ANC as decisive factors. Loyalty above all else:
7. In addition to loyalty, the deployment committee may engage in unfair discrimination on the basis of identity markers like race, gender and geographic origin. In some cases, applicants are rejected solely on the basis of their identity.
Applicants rejected and selected based solely on race and gender:
8. The deployment committee manages a separate CV database to give cadres an inside track to appointment. Minutes from the meeting on 11 May 2018 note that “the deployment committee agreed to forward names of people requesting for deployment to comrade Pravin Gordhan for consideration in state-owned enterprise boards by 19 May 2018.” Similarly, during the meeting of 3 August 2018, “it was agreed that the members [presumably of the deployment committee] must submit their proposals, and the abridged CVs must be submitted to the Minister [of Transport].” “Request for deployment” is also a standing item on the agenda of most cadre deployment meetings.
Evidence of a parallel CV database and appointment process for ANC cadres:
9. The minutes confirm the existence of regional deployment committees that extend the network of capture to provincial and municipal level, where the same modus operandi is likely used to deploy cadres to capture provincial and local government institutions. Confirmation of the existence of regional deployment committees:
The implications of these revelations are devastating. The minutes confirm that the real powers of appointment are not located in the state, but is instead outsourced to a subcommittee of a political party. Appointment decisions are therefore predictably made in the best interests of the party, rather than of the country. This means that skilled and professional applicants who are not loyal cadres of the ANC are locked out of appointment, thereby robbing the public sector of desperately needed skills.
Cadre deployment is the very foundation of state capture and the accelerating collapse of our state, and it continues unabated under the Ramaphosa administration. Since Ramapohosa and the ANC have made it clear that they have no intention of doing away with cadre deployment, the DA will do it for them – with our complaint to the PSC and the request for an urgent national debate being the initial step in this battle to end cadre deployment and state capture.
Dr Leon Schreiber MP 12 January 2021
Addendum: List of entities subjected to ANC cadre deployment, 2018-2021
Between May 2018 and May 2021, the ANC’s cadre deployment committee was involved in appointments to the following state entities. The names in brackets indicate the names of ministers and deputy minister who appeared before the deployment committee regarding appointments to the entities within their portfolios.
Constitutional Court Two judges
Supreme Court of Appeal One judge
Labour Court One judge
One judge in the Eastern Cape Division
One judge in the Northern Cape Division
Department of Justice and Correctional Services (Michael Masuta and Ronald Lamola) Director-General in the department
Department of Environmental Affairs (Edna Molewa and Barbara Creecy) Director-General in the department
SANParks board Isimangaliso CEO and board
South African National Biodiversity Institute board South African Weather Services CEO
Public Enterprises (Pravin Gordhan) Eskom
Transnet Denel SAA SAFCOL
Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (Zweli Mkhize and Obed Bepela)
Municipal Demarcation Board
Department of Science and Technology (Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane) Deputy Directors-General in the department
National Advisory Council of Innovation Space Agency
National Research Foundation Board CSIR
Department of Trade and Industry (Ibrahim Patel) National Consumer Commission
Industrial Development Corporation
National Lotteries Commission board chairperson
Department of Transport (Blade Nzimande and Fikile Mbalula) ACSA
Road Accident Fund board Railway Safety Regulator board
Road Traffic Infringement Agency board Cross-Border Road Transport Agency board
Department of Social Development (Susan Shabangu)
Deputy Director-General for Corporate Services in the department SASSA (CEO)
National Development Agency Commission for Gender Equality
Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (Jeff Radebe and Gwede Mantashe) CFO in the department
Nuclear Energy Board Central Energy Fund board PetroSA board chairperson
African Exploration Mining and Finance Corporation board Strategic Fuel Fund board
Department of International Relations and Cooperation (Naledi Pandor and Lindiwe Sisulu) Ambassadors
Department of Defence and Military Veterans (Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula) Director-General in the department
Defence Force Service Commission ARSMCOR CEO and board
Department of the Presidency (Jackson Mthembu)
Statistics South Africa Advisory Council Brand South Africa board
Department of Communication and Digital Technologies (Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams and Jackson Mthembu)
Director-General in the department
Director-General of the Government Information and Communication System SABC board
National Electronic Media Institute of South Africa CEO and board Post Bank board
South African Post Office CEO and board ZA Domain Name Authority board ICASA board
Council for Film and Production board Broadband Infraco board
Department of Public Service and Administration (Ayanda Dlodlo) DG in the department
Principal of the National School of Government
Department of Public Works (Thulas Nxesi) CFO in the department
Deputy Director-General for Supply Chain Management in the department Property management entity CEO
Department of Water and Sanitation (Gugile Nkwinti and Lindiwe Sisulu) Rand Water CEO
Nkomati Water board Bloemfontein Water board TransCaledon Water board Magalies Water board Sedibeng Water board
Umgeni Water board Overberg Water board Lepelle Northern Water board Amatole Water board
Department of Basic Education (Angie Motshekga)
Deputy Director-General for Teacher’s Education in the department
Department of Women, Youth and Persons with Disabilities (Maite Nkoana-Mashabane) Director-General in the department
National Youth Development Agency board
National Treasury (Tito Mboweni) Development Bank of South Africa board
Department of Small Business Development (Lindiwe Zulu and Khumbudzo Ntshavheni) Director-General in the department
Small Enterprise Development Agency board chairperson Small Enterprise Finance Agency CFO
Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (Thoko Didiza) Onderstepoort Biological Products board
National Agriculture Marketing Council board
Department of Employment and Labour (Thulas Nxesi) UIF Advisor Board
Department of Home Affairs (Aaron Motsoaledi) Government Printing Works CEO
Chapter 9 Institutions
South African Human Rights Commission
Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities
Issued by the DA, 12 January 2022